A Basic Anatomy of the Brain

Brain tumors can be found in various parts of the brain.

Bethany’s was in her cerebellum.

After her brain surgery, she experienced drastic behavior changes.

In order to better understand the behavior and personality changes I was noticing, I began researching the brain and how it functions.

I thought my findings might be beneficial for others also.

So, let’s talk about the anatomy of the brain and the function of each part.

A version of this post was first published in January 2016.

This post contains affiliate links.
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After Bethany was diagnosed with a tumor in her cerebellum, a stroke in her parietal and occiptal lobes, and seizures in her frontal and temporal lobes, it was important to me to understand what functions these parts of the brain controlled and how damage to these areas might affect her development.

I decided to share this information as I thought it might be useful to others ho may have gone through a similar experience as Bethany.

I’ve compiled my research into a little crash course on the anatomy of the brain and what each part controls below.

Frontal lobe

  • Movement
  • Reasoning
  • Behavior
  • Memory
  • Decision making
  • Personality
  • Planning
  • Initiative
  • Inhibition of behavior
  • Mood
  • Attention and concentration
  • Self monitoring
  • Motor planning and initiation
  • Organization
  • Awareness of abilities and limitations
  • Problem solving
  • Planning and anticipation
  • Judgement

Temporal lobe

  • Language comprehension
  • Behavior
  • Memory
  • Hearing
  • Emotions

Parietal lobe

  • Telling right from left
  • Calculations
  • Sensations
  • Reading and writing
  • Sense of touch
  • Spatial perception
  • Differentiation (identification) of size, shapes, and colors
  • Visual perception

Occipital lobe

  • Vision


  • Balance
  • Coordination
  • Fine muscle control
  • Visual perception

Brain Stem

  • Breathing
  • Blood pressure
  • Heartbeat
  • Swallowing

Comparing this information with the areas of damage and seizure activity going on in Bethany’s brain, helps me to understand why she has significant challenges with behavior, understanding spoken language, remembering things, mood swings, controlling her emotions, learning, balance and coordination!!

Understanding how each part of the brain works and how damage in each area can effect a person’s functioning is extremely useful information not only for the person affected by a brain tumor or brain damage but also for the recovering patient’s parents, caregivers, teachers, and therapists.

Such information can aid everyone involved in understanding the unique challenges that brain tumor patients struggle with, thus fostering more empathetic, compassionate, and successful healing relationships between patient and family members, friends, caregivers, therapists and others involved in the recovering brain tumor patient’s life.

Armed with such information, affected individuals and parents can also be more effective advocates in securing the proper treatments, therapies, equipment, and education that are all so vitally important in acquiring the fullest recovery possible.

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*This post may contain affiliate links. Thanks in advance if you should decide to purchase an item through one of our links at not extra cost to you. 100% of all commissions earned from sales go directly toward providing a better quality of life for our daughter, Bethany, a brave brain tumor survivor and special girl!

If you have a minute, please check out our Amazon Store where I have put together a list of my favorite books and resources and Bethany’s favorite games and products and our Etsy Shop where you can instantly download vintage book illustrations and prints of Bethany’s paintings!

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